What are the Various Types of Valves?
The use and variety of valves are wide, so it’s increasingly difficult to categorize valves. The type of valves is decided according to the actual working conditions. Generally speaking, there’re two categories of valves:
1. Automatic valves:
2. Actuated valves:
Common ways to categorize valves also include:
Based on the characteristics of the structure and the direction of movement of closure member relative to valve seat:
1. cut-off: the closure member moves along the center of the valve seat.
2. gate: the closure member moves along the center of the vertical valve seat.
3. plug and ball: the closure member is a plunger or ball, which rotates around its own centerline.
4. swing: the closure member rotates around an axis outside of the valve seat.
5. disc: the disc of the closure member rotates around an axis inside the valve seat.
6. slide valve: the closure member slides in a direction vertical to the passage.
Based on the actuating method:
1. electric: actuated by a motor or other electrical devices.
2. hydraulic: actuated by water, oil.
3. pneumatic: make valves open and close with compressed air.
4. manual: actuated with the help of hand-wheel, handle, lever, or sprocket.
Based on use:
1. breaking off: used to connect or cut off the pipeline medium, such as stop valves, gate valves, ball valves, butterfly valves, etc.
2. checking: used to prevent backflow of the medium, such as check valves.
3. regulating: used to regulate the pressure and flow of the medium, such as regulating valves, pressure relief valves, etc.
4. distributing: used to change the direction of flow of the medium and distribute medium, such as distribution valves, slide valves, etc.
5. safety valves: used to discharge excess medium to ensure the security of pipeline systems and equipment when the pressure of medium exceeds the specified value, such as safety valves and accident valves.
6. Other special purposes: such as steam traps, vent valves, sewage valves, etc.